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Information and Objectives of Ayurveda

What is Ayurveda

The term 'Ayurveda' means 'science of life', it is a ancient system of holistic healing which evolved in Asia over 5000 years ago. It was founded by the sages who introduced this original health care system, which is based on meditation, yoga, astrology, panchakarma (therapy for detoxification and rejuvenation) and herbo-minerals treatments.

The word Ayurveda originates from Sanskrit (one of the oldest languages) and is derived from the two roots: vid = knowledge and ayus = daily living or life cycle.
Therefore Ayurveda is the knowledge of daily living and the life cycle. In Ayurveda, the human is considered to be a combination of the three components: physical, mental and spiritual. The balance of all three is considered to be the key of health within this health care system.

Objective of Ayurveda

Ayurveda aims to achieve three main objectives:
  1. Maintaining positive health through prevention of disease causing elements.
  2. Implementing curative measures for treating a manifested disease or condition.
  3. Establishing rehabilitative measures for recuperation.

Philosophy of Ayurveda

The integrity of Ayurveda is that it personalizes the healing process. It perceives each and every person as a unique individual, with a unique body-mind constitution (genetic composition) and a Unique set of life circumstances, all of which must be considered in determining either natural healing approaches or recommendations for daily living. The principle of Ayurvedic science is predominantly based on the 'Tridosha theory' and the 'Pancha Mahabhuta Theory'. These theories explain that the body is primarily composed of the five elements of the universe and all diseases occur due to the imbalance of the three vital forces (Doshas) of the body that are responsible for maintaining the equilibrium of health.
Ayurveda works upon mitigating this imbalance by channelizing nature's energy and resource after analysing the body constitution and advises the apt line of treatment. It offers specific guidance to each individual on lifestyle, diet, exercise and yoga, herbo-mineral therapy, panchakarma therapy, rasayana therapy and even spiritual practices to restore and maintain balance in body and mind.

Ayurvedic Treatment Principle

Ayurveda treatment principle based upon the Five elements and tridosha. Humans have the five sense organs such as the ears, the eyes, the skin, the nose and the tongue. It is through these that we are able to absorb energies. The five energies or elements which are perceived by the five senses are known as the five elements or pancha mahabhutas. All matter, be it living (e.g. the human body) or non-living is composed of the following:
  • Akasa (space/ether)
  • Vayu (air)
  • Tejas (fire)
  • Jala (water)
  • Prithvi (earth)
Tridoshas The doshas (Vatta- Pitta Kapha) are bio-energies that are present throughout the body and mind. They regulate every physiological and psychological process in the living being. In a healthy body, the doshas are in balance or in a state of equilibrium. When they are unbalanced they cause various signs and symptoms. When left ignored this leads to complex diseases and problems. Therefore, the doshas imbalance is the causes of the disease process. Tridosha arises from the five elements mentioned above and each dosha is made up of two elements: